Carney helped organize Shiloh United Methodist Church in 1844. Carney fought with the 49th Tennessee Infantry, Compan
y C., CSA during the Civil War. He was captured and sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois. After the war he became a member o
f the United Confederate Veterans, Camp 1014. Carney receiveded the South Cross of Honor in 1912.
History of Camp Douglas
Founded in the fall of 1861 as a training camp and staging center for Union forces, Camp Douglas was named after Stephe
n A. Douglas, whose property south of the city provided its site. In 1862 the camp was hastily adapted to serve as a pr
ison for rebel soldiers captured by Ulysses S. Grant at Fort Donelson. Due to occasional prisoner exchanges during th
e first two years of the Civil War, the number of prisoners in the camp fluctuated, although for a time it was the larg
est military prison in the North. By the end of the war a total of 26,060 men had been incarcerated there.
Escapes were frequent from the camp, but only the abortive November 1864 "Chicago Conspiracy" roused broad concern. Fed
eral informants foiled an ill-conceived attempt by local antiwar activists and die-hard prisoners to disrupt the 1864 e
lection with a mass prison break.
Like all Civil War prisons, Camp Douglas had a high mortality rate: one prisoner in seven died in Chicago. Poor sanitat
ion, hastily constructed buildings, and harsh weather conditions were to blame. In June 1862 a U.S. Sanitary Commissio
n agent decried the camp's "foul sinks," "unventilated and crowded barracks," and "soil reeking with miasmatic accretio
ns" as "enough to drive a sanitarian to despair." By the end of the war more than 4,000 rebels had died in the camp.4 5 6 7
- C C Mitchell's Civil War Service Record
- Death Certificate of Carney Mitchell, Benton County, Tennessee, #21
- Ancestry.com. Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002
- The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, National Park Service
- CC Mitchell Pension Application
- The Camden Chronicle, October 12, 1912
- The Camden Chronicle, April 5, 1935